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Proceedings Article: BibTeX citation key:  aigrain.471
Aigrain Philippe (2003). « The Individual and the Collective in Open Information Communities ». In 16th BLED Electronic Commerce Conference, Bled, Slovenia, juin 2003 168.
Added by: Laure Endrizzi 2006-01-12 15:54:39
Categories: 5. économie et modèles éditoriaux
Keywords: Nupedia, Wikipedia
Creators: Aigrain
Publisher: (Bled, Slovenia)
Collection: 16th BLED Electronic Commerce Conference

Number of views:  1178
Popularity index:  9.89%

The text focuses on 2 critical issues for open information communities: how lowering transactions costs linked to becoming an active contributor is an essential factor for their success; and how free (as in freedom) licenses enable new forms of relationships between the individual and the collective. I bring some evidence that this permits to overcome some of the traditional limitations of commons in the physical world. The analysis uses as examples the free Wiki-based encyclopedia Wikipedia and the peer-reviewed free encyclopedia Nupedia, the Slashdot technical news community (commercial), and Web sites using the SPIP free co-operative publishing software. I am very much indebted to Clay Shirky for his article: Social Software and the Politics of Groups1.

In last year's conference, I presented a typology of free / open source software collaborations. This year, I would like to focus on information communities, proposing a specific angle to discuss one topic of this panel: the individual and its relationship with the collective. I will present some general principles, and discuss how they apply to concrete examples. I hope that what I will say will have also some relevance for those who want to develop commercial services, so that they can do it successfully while at the same time respecting the conditions for success and for ethical integrity of information communities.
Added by: Laure Endrizzi

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Added by: Laure Endrizzi



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