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Karila Kirsti (2012). « A Nordic Perspective on Early Childhood Education and Care Policy ». European Journal of Education, vol. 47, n° 4, p. 584–595. ISSN 1465-3435. En ligne : <http://onlinelibrary.wi ... 111/ejed.12007/abstract>. 
Added by: Marie Gaussel (21 Apr 2014 15:31:35 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1111/ejed.12007
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1465-3435
BibTeX citation key: Karila2012
Categories: Apprentissages et psychologie
Creators: Karila
Collection: European Journal of Education
Views: 1071/1142
Views index: 13%
Popularity index: 3.25%
URLs     http://onlinelibra ... jed.12007/abstract
The national policies and historical roots of early childhood education ({ECE)} vary from society to society. In the Nordic countries, early childhood education and care ({ECEC)} policies have been built in the context of the welfare state. As such, they are closely connected to other welfare policy areas such as social policy, family policy and education policy, in addition to which a close relationship with labour policy is also evident. This article sheds light on the historical roots of Nordic {ECEC} policies by describing the commonalities and differences between the Nordic countries. The {‘Nordic} model’ is commonly described as integrated. Education, teaching and caring form an integrated unit and the term early childhood education and care is therefore typically used when describing the {‘Nordic} model’. It is also said to be based on a child-centred, holistic approach with an emphasis on participation, democracy, autonomy and freedom, while its track record of high quality {ECE} services is considered to be due in part to the use of a well-trained {workforce.The} Nordic countries are, however, developing and redefining their {ECEC} policies in the global economic and cultural context, in which governments have to choose their priorities. Pressure to standardize {ECE} services is also apparent, and signs of erosion of the key elements of the Nordic model have been seen in recent policy debates. This paper discusses the current direction of Nordic {ECE} policy making and the future of the Nordic model.
Added by: Marie Gaussel  
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