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Nyroos Michaela (2007). « Time to learn, time to develop? Change processes in three schools with weak national time regulation ». Pedagogy, Culture & Society, vol. 15, n° 1, p. 37–54. En ligne : <>. 
Added by: orey (09 Jul 2010 12:10:15 Europe/Paris)   Last edited by: Agnès Cavet (01 Feb 2011 15:13:49 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1080/14681360601162121
BibTeX citation key: Nyroos2007a
Categories: General
Keywords: Suède, temps et rythme scolaires
Creators: Nyroos
Collection: Pedagogy, Culture & Society
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This article analyses change of time use and time allocation in three schools participating in a Swedish five-year national experiment in which State regulation of teaching time was weakened. Participating schools could freely decide how to use and distribute teaching time. The experiment was launched at a late stage in a 25-year decentralisation process. During this period, the Swedish education system has become one of the most decentralised ones among the OECD countries. Based on a four-year longitudinal study, the initiation and implementation of more goal-oriented and flexible time allocations in the three schools were analysed. When removing the time schedule one would expect schools to change both time allocation and pedagogy. However, in all three schools, change concerned the latter rather than distribution of teaching hours across subjects, pupils and so on. In particular, change was about replacing traditional subject-based teaching by thematic, cross-disciplinary studies and introducing working forms resulting in increased autonomy, but more responsibility on the part of the pupils. It is concluded that the additional weakening of time governance did not have any dramatic effects on initiation and implementation of school development. It primarily resulted in a confirmation, legitimisation and to some extent speeding up of existing change efforts. More generally it led to increased possibilities of information, networking and attention.
Added by: orey  Last edited by: Agnès Cavet
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