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Valas Harald (2001). « Learned Helplessness and Psychological Adjustment: effects of age, gender and academic achievement ». Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, vol. 45, n° 1, mars, p. 71–90. ISSN 0031-3831. En ligne : <http://ejournals.ebsco. ... ID=6V16Q04LJNYAQ17D3TF6>. 
Added by: Marie Gaussel (23 Jun 2010 13:34:32 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 0031-3831
BibTeX citation key: Valas2001
Categories: Apprentissages et psychologie
Keywords: éducation prioritaire, genre, résultat scolaire
Creators: Valas
Collection: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research
Views: 778/1476
Views index: 19%
Popularity index: 4.75%
URLs     http://ejournals.e ... 16Q04LJNYAQ17D3TF6
Abstract     
The present study deals with relations between academic achievement, learned helplessness and psychological adjustment (self-esteem and depression), controlled for gender and age. A preliminary study was conducted to test the direction of the relationship between learned helplessness, assessed by the teacher, and own expectation about academic achievement. The sample consisted of 1580 students with data collected in grades 3 and 4, 6 and 7 and 8 and 9. The relation between these two variables was reciprocal, with the strongest effect between helplessness and expectations. Hypotheses concerning the relations between achievement, helplessness and psychological adjustment were tested by means of a cross-sectional sample consisting of 1575 students in grades 4, 7 and 9. The analyses of structural equation models showed that academic achievement was directly and indirectly related to the pattern of attributions, expectations, helplessness and psychological adjustment. Moreover, helplessness and academic expectations were significantly related to psychological adjustment. The results also clearly found that boys showed more helpless behaviour, as assessed by the teacher, than did girls, while, on the other hand, girls reported more psychological maladjustment. Some practical implications of the findings are reported at the end of the paper.
Added by: Marie Gaussel  
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