Dweck Carol S. & Leggett Ellen L. (1988). Â« A Social-Cognitive Approach to Motivation and Personality Â». Psychological Review, vol. 95, nÂ° 2, p. 256–273.
Added by: Marie Gaussel (19 May 2010 16:31:03 Europe/Paris)
|Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Dweck1988
Keywords: dĂ©veloppement cognitif, motivation
Creators: Dweck, Leggett
Collection: Psychological Review
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Past work has documented and described major patterns of adaptive and maladaptive behavior: the
mastery-oriented and the helpless patterns. In this article, we present a research-based model that
accounts for these patterns in terms of underlying psychological processes. The model specifies how individuals' implicit theories orient them toward particular goals and how these goals set up the different patterns. Indeed, we show how each feature (cognitive, affective, and behavioral) of the adaptive and maladaptive patterns can be seen to follow directly from different goals. We then examine the generality of the model and use it to illuminate phenomena in a wide variety of domains.
Finally, we place the model in its broadest context and examine its implications for our understanding of motivational and personality processes.
Added by: Marie Gaussel