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Ryan Allison M. & Patrick Helen « The Classroom Social Environment and Changes in Adolescents’ Motivation and Engagement During Middle School ». American Educational Research Journal, vol. 38, n° 2, p. 437–460. En ligne : <http://aer.sagepub.com/ ... ntent/abstract/38/2/437>. 
Added by: Marie Gaussel (19 May 2010 16:21:31 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Ryan
Categories: General
Keywords: climat de la classe, motivation
Creators: Patrick, Ryan
Collection: American Educational Research Journal
Views: 1627/2442
Views index: 20%
Popularity index: 5%
URLs     http://aer.sagepub ... /abstract/38/2/437
Abstract     
The authors investigated how students’ (N = 233) perceptions of the social environment of their eighth-grade classroom related to changes in motivation and engagement when they moved from seventh to eighth grade. In general, prior motivation and engagement were strong predictors of subsequent motivation and engagement, whereas gender, race, and prior achievement were not related to changes in motivation or engagement. A higher-order classroom social environment factor accounted for significant changes in all motivation and engagement outcomes. Four distinct dimensions of the social environment were differentially important in explaining changes in various indices of motivation and engagement. In general, however, students’ perceptions of teacher support, and the teacher as promoting interaction and mutual respect were related to positive changes in their motivation and engagement. Students’ perceptions of the teacher as promoting performance goals were related to negative changes in student motivation and engagement. Implications for recent educational reform initiatives were also discussed.
Added by: Marie Gaussel  
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