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Brockmann Michaela (2007). Qualifications, learning outcomes and competencies : A review of European divergences in vocational education and training (VET). King's College London. En ligne : < ... 15/literaturereview.pdf>. 
Added by: Feyfant Annie (21 Apr 2009 22:10:21 Europe/Paris)   Last edited by: Laure Endrizzi (23 Apr 2009 18:18:54 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Report/Documentation
BibTeX citation key: Brockmann2007
Categories: General
Keywords: enseignement professionnel, Europe
Creators: Brockmann
Publisher: King's College London
Views: 2753/4551
Views index: 29%
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URLs ... teraturereview.pdf
"Pressures for convergence of VET systems in Europe have been widely commented upon in the literature (Ertl, 2002; Münk, 2003). Factors frequently cited include socioeconomic changes and global economic pressures which are said to have triggered broadly similar responses across the major European countries (Boreham, 2002). Others point to the many initiatives at EU level. Ertl, for example, argues that within the EU, educational policy has always been an important tool for achieving the stated economic aims, notably free movement of goods, services and capital (2002).

Recent policy developments, notably the Lisbon European Council in 2000, initiated specific measures in education and training to ensure the EU’s competitiveness in the global economy. Vocational education and training has been regarded as an integral part in achieving this goal. In 2002, the Copenhagen Declaration on enhanced European cooperation in VET laid down plans for building a true European labour market through trans-national recognition of vocational qualifications and improving national VET systems (Coles and Oates, 2004). This process culminated in the development of a European Qualifications Framework (EQF) (European Commission, 2006), intended to serve as a mechanism enabling comparability between national qualification systems and thus enhancing transferability and mobility of labour." (introduction)
Added by: Feyfant Annie  Last edited by: Laure Endrizzi
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