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Cress Ulrike & Kimmerle Joachim (2008). « A systemic and cognitive view on collaborative knowledge building with wikis ». International Journal of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning, vol. 3, n° 2, p. 105–122. En ligne : <http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11412-007-9035-z>. 
Added by: RĂ©mi Thibert (23 Mar 2009 15:39:12 Europe/Paris)   Last edited by: RĂ©mi Thibert (23 Mar 2009 15:42:58 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1007/s11412-007-9035-z
BibTeX citation key: Cress2008a
Categories: TICE
Keywords: TIC, travail collaboratif
Creators: Cress, Kimmerle
Collection: International Journal of {Computer-Supported} Collaborative Learning
Views: 649/2706
Views index: 35%
Popularity index: 8.75%
URLs     http://dx.doi.org/ ... /s11412-007-9035-z
Abstract     
les wiki offrent une nouvelle approche pour apprendre, et pour la construction collaborative du savoir, mais aussi pour comprendre les processus Ă  l'Ĺ“uvre.

Résumé de la revue :
« Abstract Wikis provide new opportunities for learning and for collaborative knowledge building as well as for understanding these processes. This article presents a theoretical framework for describing how learning and collaborative knowledge building take place. In order to understand these processes, three aspects need to be considered: the social processes facilitated by a wiki, the cognitive processes of the users, and how both processes influence each other mutually. For this purpose, the model presented in this article borrows from the systemic approach of Luhmann as well as from Piaget’s theory of equilibration and combines these approaches. The model analyzes processes which take place in the social system of a wiki as well as in the cognitive systems of the users. The model also describes learning activities as processes of externalization and internalization. Individual learning happens through internal processes of assimilation and accommodation, whereas changes in a wiki are due to activities of external assimilation and accommodation which in turn lead to collaborative knowledge building. This article provides empirical examples for these equilibration activities by analyzing Wikipedia articles. Equilibration activities are described as being caused by subjectively perceived incongruities between an individuals’ knowledge and the information provided by a wiki. Incongruities of medium level cause cognitive conflicts which in turn activate the described processes of equilibration and facilitate individual learning and collaborative knowledge building. »
Added by: RĂ©mi Thibert  Last edited by: RĂ©mi Thibert
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