Bibliographies du service Veille et Analyses, IFÉ

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(2006). Reinvesting in Children? Policies for the very young in South Eastern Europe and the CIS. Florence : UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Innocenti Working Paper, n° 2006-01. En ligne : <http://www.unicef-irc.o ... ons/pdf/iwp_2006_01.pdf>. 
Added by: Marie Gaussel (21 Jul 2008 10:55:23 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Report/Documentation
BibTeX citation key: anon2006c
Categories: General
Publisher: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre (Florence)
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Views index: 20%
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URLs     http://www.unicef- ... df/iwp_2006_01.pdf
This paper examines three aspects of government support for the youngest children – maternity leave policy, child and family allowances and pre-school/nursery provision. For each
aspect, it explores formal provision before using microdata to analyse the allocation of each service across the population in four countries: Bulgaria, Albania, Moldova and Tajikistan. Is provision now skewed towards poorer households (e.g. because of effective means-testing)? Or towards richer households (e.g. because of charging policies for pre-school)? For the case of child allowances in particular, it also uses the microdata to examine whether and where the allowances are large enough to lift children out of poverty. The aim of the analysis is to assess the adequacy of child support services in the countries under investigation, and to seek lessons from more successful countries in the region for others where
child support is not reducing child poverty. The paper concludes that most countries in the region are spending insufficient resources on policies for very young children, and that while in some countries family allowances are targeted towards poorer households with some degree of success, pre-school overwhelmingly benefits urban families and the better off, while paid maternity leave is in practice increasingly rare, despite generous formal provision.
The paper calls for governments and donors to pay greater attention to the needs of very young children. It calls for a substantial increase in public spending on each of these policy areas, and it further recommends that governments (a) introduce proxy means tests to improve the targeting of
family allowances; (b) make maternity benefit available on a social assistance as well as a social insurance basis; and (c) make a commitment to ensuring that all 3-5 year olds have free access to some early years education each week, albeit on a part-time basis.
Added by: Marie Gaussel  
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