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Sharif Iman & Sargent James D. (2006). « Association Between Television, Movie, and Video Game Exposure and School Performance ». Pediatrics, vol. 118, n° 4, octobre, p. 1061–1070. En ligne : <http://pediatrics.aappu ... ontent/full/118/4/e1061>. 
Added by: Marie Gaussel (29 May 2008 14:20:59 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Sharif2006
Categories: General
Keywords: médias de masse
Creators: Sargent, Sharif
Collection: Pediatrics
Views: 321/2528
Views index: 31%
Popularity index: 7.75%
URLs     http://pediatrics. ... t/full/118/4/e1061
BACKGROUND. The relationship between media exposure and school performance has not been studied extensively in adolescents.
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this work was to test the relative effects of television, movie, and video game screen time and content on adolescent school performance.
METHODS.We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey of middle school students (grades 5–8) in the Northeastern United States. We looked at weekday television and video game screen time, weekend television and video game screen time, cable movie channel availability, parental R-rated movie restriction, and television content restriction. The main outcome was self-report of school performance
(excellent, good, average, or below average). We used ordinal logisticregression
analysis to test the independent effects of each variable, adjusting for
demographics, child personality, and parenting style.
RESULTS. There were 4508 students who participated in the study; gender was
equally represented, and 95% were white. In multivariate analyses, after adjusting
for other covariates, the odds of poorer school performance increased with increasing
weekday television screen time and cable movie channel availability and
decreased with parental restriction of television content restriction. As compared
with children whose parents never allowed them to watch R-rated movies, children
who watched R-rated movies once in a while, sometimes, or all of the time
had significantly increased cumulative odds of poorer school performance. Weekend
screen time and video game use were not associated with school performance.
CONCLUSIONS.We found that both content exposure and screen time had independent
detrimental associations with school performance. These findings support
parental enforcement of American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines for media
time (particularly weekdays) and content limits to enhance school success.
Added by: Marie Gaussel  
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