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Clark Burton R. (1960). « The cooling-out function in Higher Education ». The American Journal of Sociology, vol. 65. 
Added by: orey (01 Jan 1970 01:00:00 Europe/Paris)   Last edited by: orey (01 Mar 2007 13:14:18 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
BibTeX citation key: Clark1960
Categories: Enseignement supérieur
Keywords: pédagogie universitaire
Creators: Clark
Collection: The American Journal of Sociology
Views: 1969/4336
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The wide gap found in many democratic institutions between culturally encouraged aspiration and institutionally provided means of achievement leads to the failure of many participants.
Such a situation exists in American higher education. Certain social units ameliorate the consequent stress by redefining failure and providing for a "soft" denial; they perform a "coolign-out" function. The junior college especially plays this role. The cooling-out process observed in one college includes features likely to be found in other settings: substitute achievement, gradual disengagement, denial, consolation, and avoidance of standards.
Added by: orey  Last edited by: orey
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