Calero Jorge (2005). Equity in Education Thematic Review : Country Analytical Report - Spain. Paris : OCDE. En ligne : <http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/49/28/38693078.pdf>.
Added by: Feyfant Annie (12 Jun 2007 10:03:14 Europe/Paris)
|Resource type: Book
BibTeX citation key: Calero2005
Publisher: OCDE (Paris)
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|URLs http://www.oecd.or ... 49/28/38693078.pdf|
"The current Spanish education system is the result of a set of rapid transformations that, since the 1960s and, with greater intensity, since the transition to democracy (since 1976, after the end of Francoâ€™s dictatorship), Spanish society, and more specifically the institutions of its welfare state, have undergone. Mass schooling has developed in this period, tardily in relation to the countries in our surroundings, and access to post-compulsory levels of education has been opened up considerably. Starting with an education directed towards the reproduction of elites, with a predominance of private institutions (belonging to the Catholic Church), a situation has been currently reached in which the presence of the public sector is much greater (with regard to regulation, finance and provision), although still comparatively less than that of the rest of the countries of the European Union.
Parallel to what has occurred in other areas of the Spanish welfare state (the health system, for example), trends towards universality and trends that have made the system dependent on the market or subordinate in relation to the family have mingled in the education system. Important among the first of these is the progressive extension of free compulsory education (to 14 years in 1970, to 16 years in 1990); among the second the maintenance, and in some cases the reinforcement, of familiesâ€™ freedom of choice when entering an education institution."
Added by: Feyfant Annie