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Beltran Daniel O., Das Kuntal K. & Fairlie Robert W. (2006). Do Home Computers Improve Educational Outcomes? Evidence from Matched Current Population Surveys and the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997. Bonn : Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA). En ligne : <ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1912.pdf>. 
Added by: orey (01 Jan 1970 01:00:00 Europe/Paris)   Last edited by: Laure Endrizzi (09 Jan 2007 16:38:08 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Report/Documentation
BibTeX citation key: Beltran2006
Categories: TICE
Keywords: TIC
Creators: Beltran, Das, Fairlie
Publisher: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) (Bonn)
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URLs     ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1912.pdf
Abstract     
Nearly twenty million children in the United States do not have computers in their homes. The role of home computers in the educational process, however, has drawn very little attention in the previous literature. We use panel data from the two main U.S. datasets that include recent information on computer ownership among children – the 2000-2003 CPS Computer and Internet Use Supplements (CIUS) matched to the CPS Basic Monthly Files and the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 – to explore the relationship between computer ownership and high school graduation and other educational outcomes. Teenagers who have access to home computers are 6 to 8 percentage points more likely to graduate from high
school than teenagers who do not have home computers after controlling for individual, parental, and family characteristics. We generally find evidence of positive relationships between home computers and educational outcomes using several estimation strategies, including controlling for typically unobservable home environment and extracurricular activities in the NLSY97, fixed effects models, instrumental variables, future computer ownership and \"pencil tests\". Some of these estimation techniques, however, provide imprecise estimates. Home computers may increase high school graduation by reducing nonproductive activities, such as truancy and crime, among children in addition to making it easier to complete school assignments.
Added by: orey  Last edited by: Laure Endrizzi
Quotes   
\"We find that home computers are associated with a 6-8 percentage point higher probability of graduating from high school even after controlling for numerous individual, parental, family and home environment characteristics, including several typically unobservable ones using the NLYS97.\"   Added by: Laure Endrizzi
Paraphrases   
En travaillant sur deux panels trés représentatifs (enquête CIUS 2000-2003 concernant 50000 foyers, enquête NLSY97 de suivi longitudinal d\'une génération de 9000 jeunes de 12 à 16 ans entre 1997-2002), les auteurs constatent une relation très positive entre le fait de posséder une ordinateur à la maison et les résultats obtenus aux évaluations scolaires, même après avoir neutralisé les variables sociales et économiques de l\'environnement familial.   Added by: Laure Endrizzi
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