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Green Andy, Wolf Alison & Leney Tom (1999). Convergence and divergence in European education and training systems. London : Institute of Education. 
Added by: Brigitte Bacconnier (01 Jan 1970 01:00:00 Europe/Paris)   Last edited by: orey (03 Mar 2006 14:39:43 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Book
BibTeX citation key: Green1999
Categories: General
Keywords: régulation
Creators: Green, Leney, Wolf
Publisher: Institute of Education (London)
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Abstract     
While the member states of Europe are becoming more similar economically, thanks to the Single Market and the Euro, their educational systems are as distinctive as ever. Though globalisation has brought about common trends in Europe, education at all levels retains strong national differences, even though the issues -- raising standards, post-compulsory education, lifelong learning and efficient management -- are similar.

Professors Andy Green and Alison Wolf, and Tom Leney, of the Institute of Education, University of London, reveal these trends in their new book, Convergence and Divergence in European Education and Training Systems. The book, which is launched at the Institute of Education on 27 April, offers a unique picture of education and training in the EU between the early 1980s and the late 1990s. It contains an unrivalled, exhaustive review of research, policy documents and original data from the fifteen Member States and the European Commission.

European education and training systems are responding to powerful general trends, but have, nevertheless, become more distinctive in some respects. Moreover, the English education system remains in a class of its own. It has, for example, rejected anything approaching a universal baccalaureate model, despite the proposed reform of A-levels, albeit to a broadened scheme. Central planks of both Labour and Conservative governments' education reforms are peculiar to this country. These include:

* promotion of parental choice and inter-school competition via published league tables;
* the organisation of higher education, including research league tables, promotion of institutional diversity, abolition of polytechnics, encouragement of FE-based higher education awards;
* wholesale devolution of budgets, including salaries, to individual schools.

The book offers a comprehensive examination of the European and global context within which education and training systems operate, and a detailed empirical analysis of developments of lower secondary, post-compulsory and adult education and training. The influence of global economic trends and close contact between policy-makers is evident in all these areas. Overall, however, the research reveals the continuing importance of national and regional differences in history, culture, intellectual perspectives and values.
Added by: orey  
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