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Oatley Keith (2012). « The cognitive science of fiction ». Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, vol. 3, n° 4, juillet, p. 425–430. ISSN 1939-5086. En ligne : <http://onlinelibrary.wi ... .1002/wcs.1185/abstract>. 
Added by: Marie Gaussel (18 May 2015 14:00:39 Europe/Paris)
Resource type: Journal Article
DOI: 10.1002/wcs.1185
ID no. (ISBN etc.): 1939-5086
BibTeX citation key: Oatley2012
Categories: Apprentissages et psychologie
Creators: Oatley
Collection: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science
Views: 4376/4775
Views index: 57%
Popularity index: 14.25%
URLs     http://onlinelibra ... /wcs.1185/abstract
Fiction might be dismissed as observations that lack reliability and validity, but this would be a misunderstanding. Works of fiction are simulations that run on minds. They were the first kinds of simulation. All art has a metaphorical quality: a painting can be both pigments on canvas and a person. In literary art, this quality extends to readers who can be both themselves and, by empathetic processes within a simulation, also literary characters. On the basis of this hypothesis, it was found that the more fiction people read the better were their skills of empathy and theory-of-mind; the inference from several studies is that reading fiction improves social skills. In functional magnetic resonance imaging meta-analyses, brain areas concerned with understanding narrative stories were found to overlap with those concerned with theory-of-mind. In an orthogonal effect, reading artistic literature was found to enable people to change their personality by small increments, not by a writer's persuasion, but in their own way. This effect was due to artistic merit of a text, irrespective of whether it was fiction or non-fiction. An empirically based conception of literary art might be carefully constructed verbal material that enables self-directed personal change. WIREs Cogn Sci 2012, 3:425–430. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1185 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.
Added by: Marie Gaussel  
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